Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) Knee Injection to treat Osteoarthritis
What is Platelet Rich Plasma?
Platelet rich plasma, also known as PRP, is a natural and cost-effective alternative to surgery. It is designed to rebuild cartilage, repair ligaments and a torn meniscus and reduce swelling and pain. It sounds like a wonder-drug and has been shown to act like one. However, it’s not a drug; it is a high concentration of endogenous (meaning one’s own) blood platelets. Platelets are fragments of cells in the blood and are best known for their ability to help the blood clot. They contain a variety of proteins called growth factors that can speed up a patient’s healing process. Manchester, South Windsor, Rocky Hill, Glastonbury and surrounding Hartford communities orthopedic knee surgeon, Dr. James Mazzara is actively involved in treating certain patients with PRP therapy following an injury.
How Does PRP Work?
Platelets play a significant roll in the body in healing tissue. The blood is composed of plasma, white blood cells, red blood cells and platelets. The platelets act as an injury’s “first responder.” Its job is to help the injured area by constructing new tissue, revascularize the injury and stop the bleeding.
The process involves separating the blood cells from the plasma (liquid part of the blood.) This gives the doctor a concentrated amount of platelets which are put back into the plasma. Dr. Mazzara then injects the platelet rich plasma into the area of injury or disease. It works by stimulating the natural immune repair mechanisms and supplying the building blocks necessary to build new tissue.